Follow by Email

Wednesday, December 28, 2011

Several Evolutionary Stages

The human language evolved from primitive communication to a language system. The evolution of language passed through several stages until it reached our modern expression of thought.

The relation between stages is due to the fact that language started as a codification, or a reflection of the world outside us (Linguistic Universality). The continuity stands to the outside objects codified. Our receptors  eyes, nose, ears, mouth, received the input signals from environment and brains cells converted them  into a language signal. They were receiving the input information; the brain was creating ways to pass to a final output destination, which after a long time of developing the communication stage was the oral-acoustic organ. If there was no environment, there was no language going to be developed. After a certain time it was memorized to DNA and genes, however it is an infinite process, which it gradually gets partly memorized to the DNA and genes, and the rest is always in evolution until to be memorized completely into DNA. We use language partly from its memorized part into DNA and dynamically by brain cells.The stages belong to a single evolutionary process: the codification of every thing outside us. On the outside stands the unity, what links all languages of the world.That’s why there are universal similarities between all languages, which Chomsky attributed to the innate language faculty. He is right about its existence, but it is a consequence, it is not a cause. The innate faculty is produced by the codification process of one unchangeable outside world. The genetically “universal grammar” of Chomsky, or the universal “word-order” of Greenberg, are due to an “unchangeable outside objects and their movements” the humans have codified. The language structure is shaped by the “the language raw material”, which also influenced on the development of brain language principles in a coo-process.

The differences between stages are only the differences between human’s brains and human needs (Linguistic Relativity). They started to codify, slowly and gradually, the world outside us in a certain way. They put, into the brain, all outside objects their temporary needs have forced to codify in a certain format. These are probably pictures when our eyes were ordered by the existential needs to see, and sounds, what our ears were ordered by the survival instincts to hear. The seeing and hearing were limited to our needs, risks, and feelings. What was being changed during the time was related with inside us because our needs, risks, feeling were, and are in a changeable process, so the languages were and are. In the beginning humans have had almost same physical world. Later some of them developed more specific thoughts due to their specific environment conditions, specific needs and different acceleration of the evolution process. Some of them did not have the same environmental signals. Some human beings started to make a new physical world, the world of product of human mind, building the first homes outside of forests and caves, developing of agriculture, temples building, roads building, etc. Their languages were continuously changing to whatever the new signals were coming into their environments because the new physical world interacted under the same mechanism of the evolution process. The new physical world constrained a new codification of thought. Some languages stopped in the certain stage because their societies had a low level of developing on their physical world; they could not make anymore new thoughts and they got frozen in a resting stage, although they are so complex as most advanced languages.

Those were the system and mechanisms: the outside habitat, our survival needs our sense organs, our brain, our hands-tools, and our output oral-acoustic organ. So, we have had and still have three linguistic worlds.

One is the world outside, the input that stands always unchangeable.

Lepenica cave, Albania
The second world is our inside, changeable, what we make new and improve, our brain; what is created and changed by us and also the processes change the brain reciprocally. The brain,DNA, and genes memorized from one stage to another the concepts, rather than the "words" unities, as it is often hypothesized, and it kept making new concepts mainly following the principles of concepts creation, which at the end of the respectively stages created new language sets. All newer and older words were together being processed in a infinite changing spiral process with cycles. We do not know how the amount of the time for a cycle is, but it is longer than our recorded history, which makes technically impossible an accurate linguistic evaluation.
The third world is our hands-tools‚ which are the major changeable factor of our language stages.If they were not, the process would stop.

That is in general the base evolutionary development of stages.

I am giving you an example of our changeable inside worlds, our inside evolution about the first train made and a modern train. It is what we make, change and after a certain time we forget the unnecessary thing, or in our modern times we are putting it in a museum. We no longer use the first train that was made, but most of its principles are embedded in the modern train. That was a vulgar example, but the same was taking place with the unchangeable-changeable worlds of language. We use our eventual level of knowledge to make something new for our new needs; our infinite creativity, we change it and make a newer better one, no longer using the oldest. This is our universal tendency, in which the stages have significant analogy. Different principles are not involved in the language evolution.

We do not think much about the mathematical properties of human languages, or geometrical proprieties, which are called pictograms, or sound symbolism. We can not define the language as an infinite set of similar objects such as numbers. An object of language has more proprieties that we know. We know and have discovered only its superficial part, the eventual meaning, because of the changeability of the inside process. The truth is we do not understand anything more deeply; how a word was created, how a simple "yes" was formed. But, I think that language also is changed intentionally many times by humans, not only arbitrarily-occasionally as no relationship between the words and the concepts that they represent, no relationship of the linguistic sign to that which it signifies. Also, our ancestor knew exactly how to make new words, which is all the evidence we have. It is not made in one day, or in seven days, and it is not made arbitrarily. The fact that modern humans do not know how to make new words indicates also that our thinking has been completely arbitrary about this argument. This is only an indicator of our limit of thinking about our language

No comments:

Post a Comment