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Thursday, May 22, 2014

Learn Albanian

LESSON ONE: Basics- Mësimi i parë, elementët kryesorë
You will learn how to say goodbye to someone, to introduce yourself, and basic important phrases. Në këtë mësim ju do të nxëni si ti thoni mirëmëngjes dikujt, të parëzantoni veten tuaj, dhe fjali themelore të rëndësishme.

Greeting/Pëshëndetje
Basic phrases; fjali themelore
Verbs “to be”, “to have”; Foljet “me qënë”, “me pat”
Means of transport= Mjetet e transportit
Basics: Elementi basilari. Pronomi
I
Unë
We
Ne
You
Ti
You
You
He
She
Ai
Ajo
They
Ata(m)
Ato(f)


Good morning (day)

Mirëmëngjes


Hello/Goodbye

Tungjatjeta, ngjatjeta 
Goodbye

Mirëupafshim
Good evening
Mirëmbrëma
Goodnight

Natënemirë

Please
Ju lutem
Thank you
Faleminderit
Your welcome
Mirëseardhët
Yes
Po
No
Jo
Sir, Mister
Zoti, Zotni
Madam, Mrs.
Zonjë
Miss (unmarried woman)
Zonjushë
This
Ky (m), kjo(f)
You (polite)

Ju


  to be-me qënë
 to have-AVERE
Unë jam
Ju jeni
Ai, Ajo është
Unë kam
Ti ke
Ai, Ajo ka
You have(polite).
Do you have?
Understand
Do you understand?
It is.
 Is it?
Ju keni.
A keni?
Kuptoj
A kuptoni? (polite)
është.
është?
Mirëmëngjes,  Tungjatjeta,  Mirëupafshim,  Mirëmbrëma,   Natënemirë,  Faleminderit,  Mirëseardhët,  Po, Jo,  Zoti, Zotni, Zonjë,  Zonjushë
Unë, ti, ai, ajo, ky, kjo, ju, jam, je, është, kam, ke, ka, kuptoj, a keni?, a kuptoni?, është


LESSON ONE: Basic phrases: Fjali themelore

Basics: Elementi basilari, want, don’t want, understand

Where is the toilet?
Where is the bathroom?
Ku është banjua?
How much?
Sa?
How much does it cost?
Sa kushton?
What time?
Çfarë kohe? Ç’orë?
At what time?
Në ç’orë?
I want
Unë dua
Time, hour
kohë, orë
I don’t want
Nuk dua
I understand
kuptoj
Where
Where is(it)?
Ku
Ku është?
I don’t
understand
Nuk kuptoj
LESSON ONE: Introducing yourself or someone else, such as your child, or friend. =Parëzantim
Informal: Introducing your friend

I: ________, të parëzantoj shokun( mikun) tim _________.
II: Gezohem që u njohëm!
III: Gjithashtu!
I: __________, ky është fqinji im i ri.
II: Gëzohem, Unë jam________. Si të quajnë?
III: Quhem _______, Gëzohem që u njohëm!

                       
                         
Formal: What’s your name?/ Si quheni?

I: Mirëmbrëma ______, Ju parëzantoj mikun tim.
II: Jam ________, Gëzohem!
III: Kënaqësia është e imja, Mike.
I: Më falni, Ju jeni mësuesja _________?
II: Po unë jam, dhe ju si quheni?
III: Jam______________, gëzohem që u njohëm..
Introduce
me prezantue
My
tim
Friend
shok, mik
Nice to meet you
gëzohem që u njohëm
New
i ri(m), e re(f)
neighbor
fqinj
What
çfarë, ç
How
si








Learn Italian





LEARN ITALIAN
Level one


ABOUT THE LESSONS

My lessons are designed to teach Italian in the way a child learns, naturally, and under the concrete
conditions of the physical world. The language is a system based on the combination of three basic
elements:

1. Words
2. Phrases
3. Sentences

A language cannot be learned without knowing the individual meaning of each word. In the spoken
language to convey a thought is not always necessary to use a sentence. Words and phrases can be
used to achieve what you need as well.

The specific of my method stands to the concept that a student should learn the most important
things of a language first. There are a lot of books, or language learning systems that teach
the vocabulary,for example, for all vegetables, but all those words would be useless for
the language of everyday life.

The language is not an abstract machine, but a physical tool to achieve something that you
physically need, for example, a bottle of water when you are thirsty, and to get around, work,
move, drive, fly, eat, rent/buy, etc, and the physical things are at the same time language elements
that have a hierarchy of importance and a frequency of use correlated to our personal needs
of everyday life.

It is all arranged to help you for developing a foundation for advancing quickly in the Italian language.

ITALIAN PHONETIC ALPHABET, WORD STRESS, AND DOUBLE CONSONANTS

I will not start with the Italian alphabet because the Italian alphabet does not have the same spelling
function as the English alphabet does. Italian is a phonetic language. That means you can look at
a written word and know how to pronounce it, or you can hear a word and know how to spell it.
Phonetic languages do have a direct relationship between the spelling and the sound. English is not
a phonetic language- a word is not pronounced in the same way it is spelled.

I will start with the phonetic Italian alphabet and explain the relationship between the letters and
their sounds which will be the rule of the pronunciation for you. Once the rules are understood is
easy to pronounce each word correctly.

Any consonant except h can be doubled. The rule is simple: if they are doubled the sound is
prolonged. Double z is pronounced almost the same as single z. Double s is pronounced always
as single s.

The stress in Italian words usually falls on the next-to-last syllable such insegnare /teach/, 
imparare/to learn/.
When the stress falls in the last syllable the final vowel is accented with a grave downward pointed
accent città/city/, però/but/.

Grave accent marks are also used in order to distinguish the words that have the same spelling
but different meaning such as: e/and/, è/is/, da/gives/ with /from/, la/ the/ with /there/.



Letter
Name
Pronanciation
Italian words
English sounds
A, a
a
/a/
grazie(thank) start
B, b
bi
/b/
buona(good) buy
C, c
ci
/k/ or /tʃ/
1.cosa/koza/
before i or e




skin



Church


1

before i or e
2.ciao /tʃao/

3. cereale

Pronounced as a single sound.
2 3

c=k


ci=ç


ce=ç

D, d
di
/d/
donna(woman) do
E, e
e
/e/ or /ɛ/
essere (to be) met
F, f
effe
/f/ furbo fan
G, g
gi
/ɡ/ or /dʒ/





grazie
gigante
/ʤˈgaːnte/
giorno /dʒorno/
go 2.giant / jī-ənt/

3.general /jen-rəl/

4. learn

5. canyon

Pronounced as a single sound

1

before i or e
With "l"
With
"n"
2            
3 4 5
gente /ˈdʒɛnte/,
g=g
gi=j ge=j
gl=l
gn=ny
aglio
lasagna
H, h
acca
silent
che, hai no sound, silent
I, i i
/i/ or /j/
Isola(island) fill
L, l elle
/l/
libro(book) laundry
M, m emme
/m/
mamma(mom)
music
N, n enne
/n/
Natale(Christmas) name
O, o o
/o/ or /ɔ/
occhio(eye) sold
P, p pi
/p/
prego (you’re wellcome) party
Q, q cu
/k/
questo (this) quiet
R, r
erre
/r/
Riso(rice) rain
S, s
esse

1./s/

2./z/-between two vowels
3.sch=sh 4.sce=sh
1-stanza(room)
2-cosa(what)
1-steal 2-zipper
3-sciare 4-scendere 3-shine 4-share
T, t
ti
/t/
terra (earth, world, ground) time
U, u
u
/u/ 
uomo(man) noon
V, v
vu
/v/
vino vine
Z, z
zeta
/ts/ or /dz/ Zio /tsio/(uncle) Zeal/zeel/- (differs a little)




















































LESSON ONE: Chapter I: Basics-Lezione uno: Elementi basilari
 You will learn how to say goodbye to someone, to introduce yourself, and basic important phrases.

PresentazioneGreetings

Locuzione di base; Basic phrases; 

I verbi “essere”, “avere”;“to be”, “to have”/


Basics: Elementi basilari
I
io
We
noi
You
tu
You
voi
He
She
lui
lei
They
loro



Greetings and Leave-Taking in Italian


buongiorno 
Good morning          

ciao 
Hello/Goodbye

arrivederci 
Goodbye

buonasera
Good evening

buonanotte


Good night

per favore
Please
grazie
Thank you
prego
Your welcome
Yes
no
No
signore, signor
Sir, Mister
signora
Madam, Mrs.
signorina
Miss (unmarried woman)

                   giorno.........day
 Buon(a)sera............evening
                   notte...........night

io sono................Io am
tu sei...................You are
lui è ....................He is
lei è.....................She is
Lei è....................You are (polite form)

io ho....................I have
tu hai...................You have
lui ha....................He has
lei ha....................She has
Lei ha...................You have (polite form)
This
questo, questa

You (polite)


Lei-It is capitalized to distinguish from “lei”
 Basic phrases
Locuzione di base


You have… (polite)

Do you have?

understand

Do you understand?

Its is.

Is it?

Lei ha

Ha?

capire

Lei capisce? (polite)

è.

è ?
Buongiorno, ciao, arrivederci, buonasera, bunanotte, per favore, per piacere, grazie, prego, si, no, signore, signora+ina


Io, tu, lui, lei, noi, voi, loro, sono, sei, è, ho, hai, ha














LESSON ONE:Basic phrases: Locuzione di base

Basics: Elementi basilari

Where is the toilet?
Where is the bathroom?
Dov’è il bagno?
How much?
Quanto?
How much does it cost?
Quanto costa?
What time?
Che ora?
At what time?
A che ora?
I want
Io voglio
Time, hour
ora
I don’t want
Io non voglio

I understand
Io capisco
Where
Where is(it)?
Dove?
Dov’è?

I don’t
understand

Io non capisco
LESSON ONE: Introducing yourself or someone else, such as your spouse, child, or friend. =Presentare



Dialoghi informali: Come ti chiami?

S1: ________, ti presento il mio amico _________.
S2: Piacere di conoscerti!
S3: Piacere mio!
S1__________, ecco il mio nuovo vicino.
S2: Piacere, Io sono________. Tu come ti chiami?
S3: Mi chiamo _______, piacere!

Dialoghi formali: Lei come si chiama?

S1: Buonasera signora______, le presento il mio amico.
S2: Sono ________, molto lieta!
S3: Piacere, _______.

S1: Scusi, è lei la studentessa _________?
S2: Si sono io, e lei come si chiama?
S3: Sono ______________, piacere.


Read the dialogues out loud several times. If you have forgotten the meanings of some words from a previous chapter, review the previous chapter.


presentare


introduce
mio
my
amico
friend
Piacere di conoscerti
Nice to meet you
nuovo
new
vicino
neighbor
cosa
what
come
how
tuo
your
chiamiare
call
molto lieta

delighted


Come si chiama?             What’s your name?

Mi chiamo________       May name is_______

Le presento_______.      Let me introduce you 
   
Molto lieto/lieta. (lieto-m, lieta-f)     Delighted.

Piacere!                            A pleasure.

Il piacere è mio.               The pleasure is mine.









Answers
Literally
Grazie

di nulla

It’s nothing
di niente
It’s nothing
Non c'è di che (formal situations)
There is nothing to it










LESSON ONE



S1f: Come si chiama?
S2m: Mi chiamo__________.
                                 
S1f: Molto lieta!
S2m: E Lei?

S1f: Mi chiamo__________.
S2m: Molto lieto! Lei è Italiana?

S1f: Sì, sono italiana. E Lei?
S2m: Anch’io sono Italiano d’origine.

bambino                        boy
bambina                        girl
un bambino                   a boy
una bambina                 a girl
il bambino                     the boy
la bambina                    the girl
i bambini                       the boys
le bambine                    the girls

 










LESSON ONE

S1f: Buongiorno signor__________, come va?
S2m: Buongiorno signora__________. Io sto bene, e Lei come sta?
                                 
S1f: Non c’è male, grazie! ArrivederLa
S2m: A presto.


come        
andare
va
stare
Lei sta.
Io sto
bene
male
c’è
c’è

presto
Come va?


Non c’è male
A presto!
how
go
(he, she) it goes
stay, be, stand
you are(polite)
I am
good
bad
there is
being in or being here/there
soon
How is it going?
Note:"it” means your life, your things.
Not bad.
See you soon!
Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
Name
uno
due
tre
quattro
cinque
sei
sette
otto
nove
dieci
undici
dodici
tredici
quattordici
quindici
sedici
diciassette
diciotto
diciannove
venti
ventuno
ventidue